Tuesday, October 14, 2003
By JANET CORSALE
Special to the News
Hood River County should find the Wal-Mart application incomplete and deny the project as proposed. As stated in Wal-Mart’s most recent flood study, the proposed project will increase flood flows and reduce floodplain storage.
The County’s review criteria for the application includes grading and surface water criteria as follows:
“Any grading, contouring, on-site surface drainage, and/or construction of on-site surface water storage facilities shall take place so that there is no adverse effect on neighboring properties, public right-of-way, or the public storm drainage system.”
The County’s consultant, Vigil & Agrimis (VA), recently made the following recommendation: “Based on our review of the applicant’s hydrologic and hydraulic analyses, we find that the current site plan does not meet the County’s criteria for no adverse effects.” Further, Vigil & Agrimis stated, “The applicant appears to have both multiple errors and/or contradictions in the information that they have provided the County on lost floodplain storage, which is a key issue in understanding downstream flooding potential.”
The Citizens for Responsible Growth retained Pacific Water Resources, Inc. (PWR), a consulting firm widely respected in the Northwest for their expertise in floodplain management.
PWR found numerous errors in the applicant’s flood study. They concluded that the applicant’s hydrologic and hydraulic models do not conform to the standards of engineering practice for floodplain studies that are established in the United States by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This conclusion has not changed even after the applicant has made six separate submittals.
At the recent public hearing, the applicant’s consultant, Maul Foster & Alongi, stated that the application should be approved, because Phelps Creek has already flooded the Columbia Gorge Hotel. This line of logic is highly flawed and irresponsible. It is standard practice within the engineering community to apply a “factor of safety” to analysis and design when there are known problems that have potential to damage public and private infrastructure or to threaten public safety.
It would be prudent of public officials to remember that the applicant only took the flooding issue seriously when the original County staff report recommended denial. Until that point in time, the applicant falsely claimed that the 500-year flood stayed completely within the channel. This claim was maintained for almost a year after I submitted a report to the County on behalf of CRG that documented the extent of flooding and damage in February 1996 at the site and Columbia Gorge Hotel. This claim was maintained until Vigil & Agrimis, the County’s consultant, told the applicant to remove this false statement from their reports and drawings.
What is interesting and difficult to understand is that the recent County staff report recommends approval of the application. Nothing has changed. This issue has not gone away. The applicant has not submitted a study that conforms to the standards of engineering practice. The applicant has not proposed a site plan that mitigates the adverse impact of increased flooding on adjacent properties.
The County has a responsibility to provide for public safety and protection of existing public and private property. It would likely be very difficult for the County to defend approval of this project in a future lawsuit given the following facts:
In February 1996, Phelps Creek flooded the proposed project site and adjacent properties, closed Frankton and Country Club Roads, and caused extensive damage to the Columbia Gorge Hotel.
The applicant has admitted that the proposed project will increase flood flows and reduce floodplain storage.
The County’s consultant has stated that the application does not meet the County’s design criteria to show no adverse impact.
CRG’s consultant has shown that the flood study is flawed and significantly underestimates potential flooding.
The applicant has not proposed to mitigate the problem.
The County approved this project without a flood study and design that conform to standard engineering practices.
As a water resources engineer registered in Oregon and Washington, it is difficult to imagine how Hood River County could ignore the facts and approve this project. Wal-Mart is the largest corporation in the United States. They can and should afford to provide for public safety and protection of infrastructure. Can Hood River County afford to approve their project sight unseen?
Janet Corsale, PE, is a water resources engineer living in White Salmon.
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Parkdale third graders sing "12 Disaster Days of Christmas"
Welcome to your sing-able Christmas gift list. What follows is an emergency rendition of “12 Days of Christmas” – for outfitting your home or car in case of snow storm, earthquake, flood or other emergency. Read it as a simple list, or sing it to the tune of “12 Days” – you know, as in “ … and a partridge in a pear tree…” Not to make light of it, but the song is a familiar framework for a set of gift ideas that you could consider gathering together, even if the recipient already owns items such as a bunch of coats, tire chains and flashlights. Stores throughout the Gorge are stocked up on all these items. Buying all 12 days might be prohibitive, but here are three ideas for checking any of the dozen off your list (notations follow, 1-12.) The gift items needed to stay warm, dry and safe are also coded to suggest items in your abode (A) in your car (C) or both (B). 12 Gallons of Water (A) 11 Family meals (B) 10 Cans of propane (A) 9 Hygiene bags (B) 8 Packs of batteries (A) 7 Spare coats (B) 6 Bright red flares (C) 5 Cozy blankets (B) 4 Tire chains (C) 3 Flashlights (B) 2 cell phone chargers (B) 1 And a crush-proof first aid kit (B) Price ranges? Here’s a few quotes for days Three, Two, Four and Nine: n A family gift of flashlights (three will run $15-30, Hood River Supply, Tum-A-Lum) n Cell phone chargers (two will run $30-60) n Tire chains (basic set, $30, Les Schwab, returnable if unused for the winter) n Family meals ($100 or so should cover the basics for three or four reasonably well-fed days) n The home kit should be kept in a handy place near an exit, and remember that water needs to be replenished every few months. If you have a solid first aid kit already, switch out the gift idea with “and-a-sto-o-u-t- tub-for it-all …” Otherwise, it’s a case of assembling your home or car kits and making sure all members of the family know what the resources are and how to use them (ie flares and propane). Emergency situations are at worst life-threatening, at best deeply uncomfortable if you and your family are left without power for an extended period, or traveling and find yourself in a situation where you need to wait out a storm, lengthy traffic delay, or other crisis. Notes on the 12 gift ideas: 12 – Gallons of water: that’s one per person in a four-member family to last for three days, the recommended minimum to be prepared for utility outages. 11 – Easy-open packaged goods, energy bars, dried food and nuts are good things to include for nutrition. Think of what your family of four needs for three days to stay fortified and hydrated (see number 12). Can-opener also recommended 10 – If you have a propane camping stove, keep extra fuel handy. 9 – Hygiene bags: put packaged moistened towelettes, toilet paper, and plastic ties in large garbage bags (for personal sanitation) Resource list courtesy of Hood River County Emergency Management, Barbara Ayers, manager/ 541-386-1213. The county also reminds residents to Get a Kit, Make A Plan to connect your family if separated, and Stay Informed. See www.co.hood-river.or.us to opt-in for citizen alerts. Enlarge