Thursday, November 3, 2005
Photo by Adam Lapierre
An Oregon Department of Forestry firefighter battles the Herman Creek Fire of 2003. The fire cut power to Cascade Locks for 18 hours and cost at least $600,000 to put out.
By CHRISTIAN KNIGHT
July 9, 2005
June's above-average rainfall, fire forecasters say, has sprouted a thicker-than-normal layer of grass, which the summer heat will inevitably dry out and turn into what these forecasters call "fine fuels."
This green grass will, given the opportunity, act more like crumpled newspaper in a wood stove, spreading the inferno to logs bigger than eight inches in diameter - called heavy fuels - which the near-record low snowpack and rainfall barely penetrated this year.
This scenario could help accelerate a flame into a forest fire throughout many parts of a parched region that, according to the Palmer Drought and Crop Moisture Data for June 18, is currently in the throes of "extreme drought."
"The weather during fire season is the single most influential factor," said Rod Nichols, spokesman for the Oregon Department of Forestry. "We always have to remind the public that even though it has rained for a few weeks, it doesn't mean it (rain) couldn't turn around to increase the threat of fire danger."
A report issued by Predictive Services of the Northwest Interagency Coordination Center says the most likely fire scenario for the area is a late but above average fire season.
"Moderate to severe drought will continue …" the report states. "Large August timber fires are possible in higher elevations of the Cascade and Blue Mountains. In this scenario … northern Oregon would experience an above average, but relatively short fire season."
Fire managers at the Oregon Department of Forestry estimate the meager snowpack and rain that followed managed to saturate 1,000-hour fuel logs in the Middle Mountain area by 16 percent, when the historic low for this time of year is 15.8 percent.
The forestry department recorded 23 percent saturation in 1,000-hour fuels near the Blue Ridge to the south.
"Generally the peak a log can hold after natural conditions is usually about 40 to 50 percent," said Nick Yonker, a meteorologist at the department of forestry. "If you get down to 13 percent and below you are into higher fire season or a higher potential for danger."
As a result of this and the limited supply of water, the Mid-Columbia Fire Prevention Cooperative announced a ban on Thursday all open debris burning on state forestry protected lands throughout north central Oregon.
The ban, which will become effective July 10, discredits all permits for open burn until the state officials lift the ban.
The cool and rainy June weather did, however, delay the start of the fire season, which fire forecasters had expected would begin in the Mid-Columbia area as early as April. Instead, June's abundant rain delayed the start of Central Oregon's fire season by 11 days. Last year it began on June 19. This year it began July 1.
The symptoms of this year's drought have already surfaced, albeit subtly.
Rod Altig, fire manager at the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, can count eight small wildfires that have burned one acre or less throughout the Scenic Area since January. A hiker caused a Presidents Day weekend fire atop Dog Mountain by abandoning a warming fire. Others have burned near Mosier, the Klickitat River, Wishram, Catherine Creek and Wind Mountain.
"Those numbers are above normal for this time of year," said Mike Ferris, spokesman for the Scenic Area.
Normally by this time of year, Scenic Area fire crews have assisted on two to three wildfires.
Fires can, of course, start for any reason: cigarettes, chainsaw sparks, backyard barrel burning or dry lightning.
Railroads account for a bulk of the infernos.
"Ninety percent of forest fires are human caused," Ferris said. "If it is proved that you caused the fire, you could end up paying $1 million for it. You are responsible and you can be held financially liable."
The Herman Creek Fire from two years ago shut Interstate 84 down for two days, blocked off the railroad for 30 hours and cut power to Cascade Locks for 18 hours. It cost more than $600,000 to put it out.
Whether or not the lit ash off a cigarette or a spark from the chainsaw sets a few patches of brush on fire or wipes out an entire forest depends almost entirely upon one wild element:
"Any ignition source - especially in the Gorge - can result in a catastrophic fire because of the wind," Ferris said. "It doesn't matter if it's a car on fire or a discarded cigarette. The most immediate influence is the wind."
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Parkdale third graders sing "12 Disaster Days of Christmas"
Welcome to your sing-able Christmas gift list. What follows is an emergency rendition of “12 Days of Christmas” – for outfitting your home or car in case of snow storm, earthquake, flood or other emergency. Read it as a simple list, or sing it to the tune of “12 Days” – you know, as in “ … and a partridge in a pear tree…” Not to make light of it, but the song is a familiar framework for a set of gift ideas that you could consider gathering together, even if the recipient already owns items such as a bunch of coats, tire chains and flashlights. Stores throughout the Gorge are stocked up on all these items. Buying all 12 days might be prohibitive, but here are three ideas for checking any of the dozen off your list (notations follow, 1-12.) The gift items needed to stay warm, dry and safe are also coded to suggest items in your abode (A) in your car (C) or both (B). 12 Gallons of Water (A) 11 Family meals (B) 10 Cans of propane (A) 9 Hygiene bags (B) 8 Packs of batteries (A) 7 Spare coats (B) 6 Bright red flares (C) 5 Cozy blankets (B) 4 Tire chains (C) 3 Flashlights (B) 2 cell phone chargers (B) 1 And a crush-proof first aid kit (B) Price ranges? Here’s a few quotes for days Three, Two, Four and Nine: n A family gift of flashlights (three will run $15-30, Hood River Supply, Tum-A-Lum) n Cell phone chargers (two will run $30-60) n Tire chains (basic set, $30, Les Schwab, returnable if unused for the winter) n Family meals ($100 or so should cover the basics for three or four reasonably well-fed days) n The home kit should be kept in a handy place near an exit, and remember that water needs to be replenished every few months. If you have a solid first aid kit already, switch out the gift idea with “and-a-sto-o-u-t- tub-for it-all …” Otherwise, it’s a case of assembling your home or car kits and making sure all members of the family know what the resources are and how to use them (ie flares and propane). Emergency situations are at worst life-threatening, at best deeply uncomfortable if you and your family are left without power for an extended period, or traveling and find yourself in a situation where you need to wait out a storm, lengthy traffic delay, or other crisis. Notes on the 12 gift ideas: 12 – Gallons of water: that’s one per person in a four-member family to last for three days, the recommended minimum to be prepared for utility outages. 11 – Easy-open packaged goods, energy bars, dried food and nuts are good things to include for nutrition. Think of what your family of four needs for three days to stay fortified and hydrated (see number 12). Can-opener also recommended 10 – If you have a propane camping stove, keep extra fuel handy. 9 – Hygiene bags: put packaged moistened towelettes, toilet paper, and plastic ties in large garbage bags (for personal sanitation) Resource list courtesy of Hood River County Emergency Management, Barbara Ayers, manager/ 541-386-1213. The county also reminds residents to Get a Kit, Make A Plan to connect your family if separated, and Stay Informed. See www.co.hood-river.or.us to opt-in for citizen alerts. Enlarge