Saturday, September 15, 2012
This invader eats just about everything that is grown commercially in Hood River. They call it the BMSB for short, but its full common name is the brown marmorated stink bug. It’s a name local growers will become very familiar with, very soon.
After an initial siting of a few individual BSMBs along the railroad tracks near downtown in June of this year, OSU Extension staff recently found signs of a growing colony of the insect-threat in Hood River in the downtown area and on the Heights.
On Sept. 6, OSU staff members were collecting egg clutches from trees along Fourth Street and Columbia Avenue, where many adult BSMBs and their progeny were spotted.
The BMSB, originally native to China, is known to feed on 80 plant species including tree fruits, grapes, berries, corn, garden vegetables and ornamentals.
The heart of the battle with the BMSB is in the bug’s ability to resist most pesticides and bio-control practices that are currently available to growers.
Between 1996, when the first BMSBs were spotted in the U.S., and 2010 the exponential population growth of the BMSB and its effective traveling strategies have already led to widespread and devastating crop damage in Pennsylvania — the state where it was first identified. Those were 14, short years.
Dr. Peter Shearer, professor of entomology for Hood River’s OSU Extension office, is part of the nationwide effort to halt the insect invader from decimating U.S. crops.
“They’ve been in Hood River since June. Now they are just spreading out. They were just found in The Dalles this week as well,” said Shearer.
An OSU staff survey of local pear orchards in proximity to the newly located BSMB colonies haven’t found the bugs in or near the pear orchards in the lower Hood River Valley.
“My crew is receiving federal money to try and find solutions to this insect,” Shearer said. “We are collecting egg masses and assessing them for natural parasites. We are noticing that some of the egg masses have been parasitized by native wasps.”
According to Shearer, there are five native wasps that use native stink bug eggs as part of their reproductive cycle, laying their own eggs inside the stink bug’s. When the young wasps develop, they kill off the developing native stink bugs before emerging into adulthood, providing a possible predator against this non-native invader.
According to Shearer, the BMSB eggs are being “parasitized at a low level,” meaning the native wasps are not very successful at reproducing using this Asian variety of their preferred host.
“We are researching the parasitoid wasps and what is emerging from the eggs,” said Shearer.
“We are also testing new ways to monitor this insect with pheromone traps and light traps (that emit a certain light spectrum attractive to BMSBs),” he said. “We are testing new products. The USDA has identified the true aggregation pheromone.”
The first BMSBs arrived in Oregon in 2004 and in Hood River June 13, 2012. They commonly spread along roadways and railways, hitching rides on moving vehicles.
For more information Shearer suggests contacting the OSU county agents for Hood River and Wasco counties, Steve Castagnoli and Lynn Long.
Email inquiries to BMSB@oregonstate.edu. Send in photos or queries for additional information.
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Parkdale third graders sing "12 Disaster Days of Christmas"
Welcome to your sing-able Christmas gift list. What follows is an emergency rendition of “12 Days of Christmas” – for outfitting your home or car in case of snow storm, earthquake, flood or other emergency. Read it as a simple list, or sing it to the tune of “12 Days” – you know, as in “ … and a partridge in a pear tree…” Not to make light of it, but the song is a familiar framework for a set of gift ideas that you could consider gathering together, even if the recipient already owns items such as a bunch of coats, tire chains and flashlights. Stores throughout the Gorge are stocked up on all these items. Buying all 12 days might be prohibitive, but here are three ideas for checking any of the dozen off your list (notations follow, 1-12.) The gift items needed to stay warm, dry and safe are also coded to suggest items in your abode (A) in your car (C) or both (B). 12 Gallons of Water (A) 11 Family meals (B) 10 Cans of propane (A) 9 Hygiene bags (B) 8 Packs of batteries (A) 7 Spare coats (B) 6 Bright red flares (C) 5 Cozy blankets (B) 4 Tire chains (C) 3 Flashlights (B) 2 cell phone chargers (B) 1 And a crush-proof first aid kit (B) Price ranges? Here’s a few quotes for days Three, Two, Four and Nine: n A family gift of flashlights (three will run $15-30, Hood River Supply, Tum-A-Lum) n Cell phone chargers (two will run $30-60) n Tire chains (basic set, $30, Les Schwab, returnable if unused for the winter) n Family meals ($100 or so should cover the basics for three or four reasonably well-fed days) n The home kit should be kept in a handy place near an exit, and remember that water needs to be replenished every few months. If you have a solid first aid kit already, switch out the gift idea with “and-a-sto-o-u-t- tub-for it-all …” Otherwise, it’s a case of assembling your home or car kits and making sure all members of the family know what the resources are and how to use them (ie flares and propane). Emergency situations are at worst life-threatening, at best deeply uncomfortable if you and your family are left without power for an extended period, or traveling and find yourself in a situation where you need to wait out a storm, lengthy traffic delay, or other crisis. Notes on the 12 gift ideas: 12 – Gallons of water: that’s one per person in a four-member family to last for three days, the recommended minimum to be prepared for utility outages. 11 – Easy-open packaged goods, energy bars, dried food and nuts are good things to include for nutrition. Think of what your family of four needs for three days to stay fortified and hydrated (see number 12). Can-opener also recommended 10 – If you have a propane camping stove, keep extra fuel handy. 9 – Hygiene bags: put packaged moistened towelettes, toilet paper, and plastic ties in large garbage bags (for personal sanitation) Resource list courtesy of Hood River County Emergency Management, Barbara Ayers, manager/ 541-386-1213. The county also reminds residents to Get a Kit, Make A Plan to connect your family if separated, and Stay Informed. See www.co.hood-river.or.us to opt-in for citizen alerts. Enlarge