Tuesday, February 12, 2013
The good news for Hood River residents is the effects in Hood River County of a large earthquake off the Oregon coast might not keep you up at night.
The other side of the coin is that there are plenty of other dangers in the area to keep county Emergency Management Coordinator Karl Tesch busy.
The statement sounds fairly ominous: “When, not if, the next great Cascadia subduction zone earthquake strikes the Pacific Northwest, Oregon will face the greatest challenge in its history. Oregon’s buildings, transportation network, utilities, and population are simply not prepared for such an event.”
That is the conclusion reached by the Oregon Resilience Plan, a report prepared for the state legislature outlining the potential impacts of 9.0 Earthquake in the Cascade Subduction Zone.
A large quake in the zone could cause havoc on the Oregon Coast and Portland area, potentially kill thousands and destroy critical infrastructure in the I-5 corridor.
While a 9.0 quake is formidable, its direct impact on Hood River County would likely be fairly minimal.
Hood River County prepares a natural hazards mitigation plan which was most recently updated in August.
The plan is required by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and lists the most probable natural disasters facing the county. While earthquakes make the list, it comes in behind disasters the county faces practically every year: wildfire and severe storms.
It’s also behind flood and drought — two disasters that, while they may not happen every year, are more likely to devastate the agriculture industry and county economy in general.
The county has two seperate faults running through it, one along the east edge of the county and another on the northwest flanks of Mount Hood.
According to Jason McClaughry, head of the Eastern Oregon office of the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, both faults are classified as “young,” meaning they have seen activity at some point in the last 11,000 years.
“In recorded history there haven’t been a high number recorded in the area, McClaughry said. “But we’ve identified some areas some that may have potential for earthquake.”
While a large earthquake from either fault is unlikely, should one occur, it could have a large impact on the county.
The county’s emergency mitigation plan lists nearly every item of critical infrastructure as being vulnerable to a quake.
That includes a large amount of infrastructure on a liquefactions zone — soil particularly susceptible to the affects of an earthquake — such as port facilities and the city sewer treatment plant near the Columbia River, the Hood River distillery on the waterfront, the county administration building on State Street — which is built from unreinforced masonry — water supply facilities, and gas lines on the Hood River bridge.
Tesch has a plan for nearly every conceivable disaster in his office, from a tornado to a large oil spill in the Columbia River. It’s his job to make sure the county gets the resources and help it needs in the event of a disaster.
“I’m the link between the county and the state,” he said. “That includes being responsible for executing mutual aid agreements.”
Those plans and preparations include earthquake response.
However, Tesch spends more time preparing for and managing the impacts from events that have happened recently or are very likely to occur in the near future, such as wildfire and ice storms.
“There is really no past ‘recent’ history of earthquakes in Hood River County, but county residents have felt some earthquakes distant from Hood River County. Even with this lack of history, geology clearly shows that the county has been impacted by significant events in the last 500 years,” states the County’s hazard’s mitigation report.
A Cascadia Subduction zone quake is more likely to occur than one originating in or around Hood River County, and the county’s estimates for damage in the county from a Cascade quake estimate no deaths, no buildings extensively damaged and around $3.8 million in economic damage.
Most of the economic damage would come from infrastructure to the west of the county being badly damaged or destroyed.
“Within the limits of predictability, we must assume a moderate probability of occurrence for a damaging earthquake during the next 50 years,” the county report states. “A large earthquake centered in Western Oregon could have a minor impact on Hood River County suggesting moderate vulnerability.”
A sizable earthquake originating in one of the faults Hood River County would possibly spell bigger problems — such as an eruption on Mount Hood.
Even in the event of a significant eruption, the county could fare better than its neighbors.
Among the volcanic hazards identified by McClaughry and Oregon Geology include ash fall from an eruption at Hood or another Cascade Range volcano, lahar mud flows, debris and the fact that the historic lava flows, such as the Parkdale Lava flow are relatively young in the geologic sense, meaning they were active less than 1.7 million years ago.
“It’s the youngest lava flow in the valley,” McClaughry said of the Parkdale lava flow. “So there is the potential for lava flow-type eruptions.”
And should one occur, Tesch has a plan for that too.
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Parkdale third graders sing "12 Disaster Days of Christmas"
Welcome to your sing-able Christmas gift list. What follows is an emergency rendition of “12 Days of Christmas” – for outfitting your home or car in case of snow storm, earthquake, flood or other emergency. Read it as a simple list, or sing it to the tune of “12 Days” – you know, as in “ … and a partridge in a pear tree…” Not to make light of it, but the song is a familiar framework for a set of gift ideas that you could consider gathering together, even if the recipient already owns items such as a bunch of coats, tire chains and flashlights. Stores throughout the Gorge are stocked up on all these items. Buying all 12 days might be prohibitive, but here are three ideas for checking any of the dozen off your list (notations follow, 1-12.) The gift items needed to stay warm, dry and safe are also coded to suggest items in your abode (A) in your car (C) or both (B). 12 Gallons of Water (A) 11 Family meals (B) 10 Cans of propane (A) 9 Hygiene bags (B) 8 Packs of batteries (A) 7 Spare coats (B) 6 Bright red flares (C) 5 Cozy blankets (B) 4 Tire chains (C) 3 Flashlights (B) 2 cell phone chargers (B) 1 And a crush-proof first aid kit (B) Price ranges? Here’s a few quotes for days Three, Two, Four and Nine: n A family gift of flashlights (three will run $15-30, Hood River Supply, Tum-A-Lum) n Cell phone chargers (two will run $30-60) n Tire chains (basic set, $30, Les Schwab, returnable if unused for the winter) n Family meals ($100 or so should cover the basics for three or four reasonably well-fed days) n The home kit should be kept in a handy place near an exit, and remember that water needs to be replenished every few months. If you have a solid first aid kit already, switch out the gift idea with “and-a-sto-o-u-t- tub-for it-all …” Otherwise, it’s a case of assembling your home or car kits and making sure all members of the family know what the resources are and how to use them (ie flares and propane). Emergency situations are at worst life-threatening, at best deeply uncomfortable if you and your family are left without power for an extended period, or traveling and find yourself in a situation where you need to wait out a storm, lengthy traffic delay, or other crisis. Notes on the 12 gift ideas: 12 – Gallons of water: that’s one per person in a four-member family to last for three days, the recommended minimum to be prepared for utility outages. 11 – Easy-open packaged goods, energy bars, dried food and nuts are good things to include for nutrition. Think of what your family of four needs for three days to stay fortified and hydrated (see number 12). Can-opener also recommended 10 – If you have a propane camping stove, keep extra fuel handy. 9 – Hygiene bags: put packaged moistened towelettes, toilet paper, and plastic ties in large garbage bags (for personal sanitation) Resource list courtesy of Hood River County Emergency Management, Barbara Ayers, manager/ 541-386-1213. The county also reminds residents to Get a Kit, Make A Plan to connect your family if separated, and Stay Informed. See www.co.hood-river.or.us to opt-in for citizen alerts. Enlarge