History forum returns Feb. 2 in TD

The Dalles archeologists Eric Gleason and Jacqui Cheung will present the first program of the 2013 Regional History Forum Series Saturday, Feb. 2, 1:30 p.m. at the Original Wasco County Courthouse, 410 W. Second Place, The Dalles. Their topic is “The Modoc War: Archeology and Historic Photos.”

Gleason and Cheung worked with National Park Service archeologists on a surface survey of Captain Jack’s Stronghold in Lava Beds National Monument. The intensive survey took two summers to complete.

The survey followed a wildfire that burned across the area in August 2008 and covered an area of approximately 500 acres. More than 800 fortifications from the war were documented. Photos taken during the survey form the first part of Saturday’s program.

The Modoc War of 1872-73 was fought in northern California and southern Oregon pitting the U.S. Army and local volunteers against a contingent of Modoc men, women and children who were being forced to leave their ancestral territory. It was the last of the Indian wars in the Pacific Northwest.

Following the initial skirmish of the war at a Modoc village near the mouth of the Lost River, the inhabitants fled to their traditional area of refuge in the rough and easily defensible lava beds on the southern shore of Tule Lake.

This refuge was to become known as Captain Jack’s Stronghold in recognition of the role of the principal leader of this group of Modoc, Kientpoos, who acquired the name of Captain Jack while trading in Yreka.

The war was extensively covered by the local, national and international press, and two photographers, Eadweard Muybridge and Louis Heller, documented the combatants and battle sites using stereoscopic cameras to capture 3D images. These images proved to be very useful during the survey of 2009-2010, enabling the archeological team to identify specific caves, camps and fortifications from the war.

The second half of Saturday’s program features some of the old stereoscopic photos courtesy of the Bancroft Library at UC Berkeley.


History Forum programs take place in the upstairs court room of the 1859 courthouse, and there is a video monitor on the lower level for those unable to climb the stairs. Coffee and cookies will be served after the program.

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Parkdale third graders sing "12 Disaster Days of Christmas"

Welcome to your sing-able Christmas gift list. What follows is an emergency rendition of “12 Days of Christmas” – for outfitting your home or car in case of snow storm, earthquake, flood or other emergency. Read it as a simple list, or sing it to the tune of “12 Days” – you know, as in “ … and a partridge in a pear tree…” Not to make light of it, but the song is a familiar framework for a set of gift ideas that you could consider gathering together, even if the recipient already owns items such as a bunch of coats, tire chains and flashlights. Stores throughout the Gorge are stocked up on all these items. Buying all 12 days might be prohibitive, but here are three ideas for checking any of the dozen off your list (notations follow, 1-12.) The gift items needed to stay warm, dry and safe are also coded to suggest items in your abode (A) in your car (C) or both (B). 12 Gallons of Water (A) 11 Family meals (B) 10 Cans of propane (A) 9 Hygiene bags (B) 8 Packs of batteries (A) 7 Spare coats (B) 6 Bright red flares (C) 5 Cozy blankets (B) 4 Tire chains (C) 3 Flashlights (B) 2 cell phone chargers (B) 1 And a crush-proof first aid kit (B) Price ranges? Here’s a few quotes for days Three, Two, Four and Nine: n A family gift of flashlights (three will run $15-30, Hood River Supply, Tum-A-Lum) n Cell phone chargers (two will run $30-60) n Tire chains (basic set, $30, Les Schwab, returnable if unused for the winter) n Family meals ($100 or so should cover the basics for three or four reasonably well-fed days) n The home kit should be kept in a handy place near an exit, and remember that water needs to be replenished every few months. If you have a solid first aid kit already, switch out the gift idea with “and-a-sto-o-u-t- tub-for it-all …” Otherwise, it’s a case of assembling your home or car kits and making sure all members of the family know what the resources are and how to use them (ie flares and propane). Emergency situations are at worst life-threatening, at best deeply uncomfortable if you and your family are left without power for an extended period, or traveling and find yourself in a situation where you need to wait out a storm, lengthy traffic delay, or other crisis. Notes on the 12 gift ideas: 12 – Gallons of water: that’s one per person in a four-member family to last for three days, the recommended minimum to be prepared for utility outages. 11 – Easy-open packaged goods, energy bars, dried food and nuts are good things to include for nutrition. Think of what your family of four needs for three days to stay fortified and hydrated (see number 12). Can-opener also recommended 10 – If you have a propane camping stove, keep extra fuel handy. 9 – Hygiene bags: put packaged moistened towelettes, toilet paper, and plastic ties in large garbage bags (for personal sanitation) Resource list courtesy of Hood River County Emergency Management, Barbara Ayers, manager/ 541-386-1213. The county also reminds residents to Get a Kit, Make A Plan to connect your family if separated, and Stay Informed. See www.co.hood-river.or.us to opt-in for citizen alerts. Enlarge

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