Is your business ready for crowd control?

Given a recent nightclub fire in Seattle, this is a good opportunity to visit the issue of safety in public assemblies and how we can achieve good results in our communities.

It appears there were a number of positive issues that culminated in making an arson fire set in an occupied nightclub on New Year’s Eve a non-event.

(Background note: Just after midnight on Jan. 1, 2014, an arsonist poured gasoline on a carpeted stairway in a Seattle nightclub and set it on fire. Approximately 750 people were in the nightclub at the time.)

The nightclub was crowded, but likely within its occupant load. An arsonist poured gasoline on the exit stairs and set them on fire. News accounts state staff and a patron used fire extinguishers on the fire with some success. The club’s sprinklers also activated, keeping the fire in check.

The entire crowd exited unharmed, and damage was minimized by the combination of fire extinguishers and a sprinkler system — we should remember “Anything that gets wet will eventually dry out; something that burns will never unburn.” Adequate exits, trained staff, portable extinguishers and sprinklers all played important roles in this incident.

If someone set a fire in a nightclub in Hood River, would the outcome be the same? I suspect the answer is “maybe,” so I’d like to remind everyone of the importance of trained crowd managers.

The National Association of State Fire Marshals promotes training that includes a significant amount of basic fire prevention instruction, including egress maintenance, ensuring fire protection systems are functional, use of portable extinguishers, and following the facility’s emergency action plan, among others.

Having trained crowd managers in public assemblies expands our ability to raise the level of safety by placing people with a basic level of fire prevention and overall safety in each facility.

One question arises with some frequency: “Are trained crowd managers required?” Most all Hood River businesses do not meet mandated needs; but consider the following:

n In movie theaters, trained crowd managers should inspect their area of responsibility before each shift, making sure that access is adequately controlled without jeopardizing egress; this will enhance security and safety.

n In restaurants, trained crowd managers should check kitchen hood systems to ensure they will function should a fire occur in the cooking area.

n In stadiums and arenas, crowd managers knowledgeable about rules relating to contraband will help prevent a crowd from getting out of control.

n In hotel ballrooms, keeping the exits clear of catering carts, etc., will allow timely egress from the ballroom during an emergency.

These are only a few examples where trained crowd managers will make a significant difference.

It is not feasible (or possible) for Hood River Fire & EMS to have personnel that could be in every assembly occupancy or event; trained crowd managers can partially fill that gap.

In the city of Hood River, regardless of the size of your business, it is your responsibility to make your business as safe as possible. Note that access to the crowd manager training program is available through the NASFM website.

The commentary above is adapted from an article from William Degnan, president of the National Association of State Fire Marshals.

What I do know to be true about the city of Hood River is that there are many occupancies that can benefit from dedicating a person to focus on fire and life safety basics.

Many of the fire code violations based on past inspections have revealed that in the case of a power black-out there is no battery illumination in exit signs to show an exit door or there is no battery illumination of the emergency lights to provide a lit pathway to the exit door or both! Blocking of or diminishing clearance on exit pathways has also been a common violation.

Consider being in a restaurant, theater, church etc., closing your eyes and trying to find your way out; now imagine that you may be one of a hundred people trying to do the same!

Businesses can take this training online and develop their own safety plan that will address the roles staff may play during an emergency. Hood River Fire & EMS can assist you in the development and training needed to implement your program.


Peter Mackwell is fire marshall for Hood River Fire Dept.

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Parkdale third graders sing "12 Disaster Days of Christmas"

Welcome to your sing-able Christmas gift list. What follows is an emergency rendition of “12 Days of Christmas” – for outfitting your home or car in case of snow storm, earthquake, flood or other emergency. Read it as a simple list, or sing it to the tune of “12 Days” – you know, as in “ … and a partridge in a pear tree…” Not to make light of it, but the song is a familiar framework for a set of gift ideas that you could consider gathering together, even if the recipient already owns items such as a bunch of coats, tire chains and flashlights. Stores throughout the Gorge are stocked up on all these items. Buying all 12 days might be prohibitive, but here are three ideas for checking any of the dozen off your list (notations follow, 1-12.) The gift items needed to stay warm, dry and safe are also coded to suggest items in your abode (A) in your car (C) or both (B). 12 Gallons of Water (A) 11 Family meals (B) 10 Cans of propane (A) 9 Hygiene bags (B) 8 Packs of batteries (A) 7 Spare coats (B) 6 Bright red flares (C) 5 Cozy blankets (B) 4 Tire chains (C) 3 Flashlights (B) 2 cell phone chargers (B) 1 And a crush-proof first aid kit (B) Price ranges? Here’s a few quotes for days Three, Two, Four and Nine: n A family gift of flashlights (three will run $15-30, Hood River Supply, Tum-A-Lum) n Cell phone chargers (two will run $30-60) n Tire chains (basic set, $30, Les Schwab, returnable if unused for the winter) n Family meals ($100 or so should cover the basics for three or four reasonably well-fed days) n The home kit should be kept in a handy place near an exit, and remember that water needs to be replenished every few months. If you have a solid first aid kit already, switch out the gift idea with “and-a-sto-o-u-t- tub-for it-all …” Otherwise, it’s a case of assembling your home or car kits and making sure all members of the family know what the resources are and how to use them (ie flares and propane). Emergency situations are at worst life-threatening, at best deeply uncomfortable if you and your family are left without power for an extended period, or traveling and find yourself in a situation where you need to wait out a storm, lengthy traffic delay, or other crisis. Notes on the 12 gift ideas: 12 – Gallons of water: that’s one per person in a four-member family to last for three days, the recommended minimum to be prepared for utility outages. 11 – Easy-open packaged goods, energy bars, dried food and nuts are good things to include for nutrition. Think of what your family of four needs for three days to stay fortified and hydrated (see number 12). Can-opener also recommended 10 – If you have a propane camping stove, keep extra fuel handy. 9 – Hygiene bags: put packaged moistened towelettes, toilet paper, and plastic ties in large garbage bags (for personal sanitation) Resource list courtesy of Hood River County Emergency Management, Barbara Ayers, manager/ 541-386-1213. The county also reminds residents to Get a Kit, Make A Plan to connect your family if separated, and Stay Informed. See to opt-in for citizen alerts. Enlarge

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